The true monuments of antiquity in Mexico are the pyramids. There are many of them in the country, but only a few are available for viewing. Many pyramids are buried under the cultural layer and covered with dense tropical vegetation, so that they are simply green hills. Most of the pyramids are multi-layered structures: the oldest is inside, and above it there are several later superstructures and facings.
The most famous and probably the most ancient are the pyramids of Teotihuacan, not far from Mexico City. Teotihuacan (translated as “a place where people communicate with the gods”) is the oldest and most mysterious of all the open cities of pre-classical America.
In the days of Ancient Rome, it totaled 200 thousand inhabitants. By the end of the first millennium AD, the city was empty, its temples and houses were destroyed. The two largest pyramids have been preserved – the pyramid of the Sun and the pyramid of the Moon, as well as the temple of the most popular of the Mexican gods – Quetzalcoatl, personifying a good and bright beginning. Continue reading