SIGHTSEEING Singapore is the center of urban tourism and one of the main world business centers, therefore all the attractions that await tourists, one way or another, are urban in nature: museums, amusement parks, shopping areas, architectural monuments, business, Chinese, Indian, colonial quarters, monuments World War II, gardens and parks. The main tourist attractions are located in three tourist centers of Singapore: CBD (Central Business District), Sentosa Island, Jurong. The state of Singapore is located at 2 S just two hundred kilometers from the equator on the island of Singapore, which makes up 3/4 of the country’s territory, the island of Sentosa, as well as on hundreds of small islands around. CBD (Central Business District) is the heart of the city, its very center. This central area includes colonial, Chinese, and business districts, the main shopping street, Orchard Road, noisy, fun neighborhoods with hundreds of restaurants and cafes, Boat Key and Clark Key. Here are the most popular and fashionable hotels. Chijmes Building is a former monastery building and part of Singapore’s national heritage. Here you can eat, shop and just have a good time. The Chimes Hall Chapel hosts concert evenings and theater performances. Lau Pa Sat is the largest Victorian building made of cast iron in Southeast Asia. The building is located in the heart of the business district and is a favorite meeting place. In the park “Merlion” is an interesting sculpture, which consists half of the fish, half of the lion. This is a symbol of Singapore. The Ruffles Hotel, built in 1886, has always been a favorite retreat of famous writers and film actors, is also the birthplace of the Singapore Sling cocktail. Complete modernization of the hotel cost 160 million Singapore dollars. The hotel is adjoined by arcades with shops, boutiques, a museum and a theater. The statue of the founder of Singapore, Sir Stamford Ruffles, is located in front of the Victoria Theater, and a copy is not far from the North Boat marina, where according to legend, Ruffles first entered Singapore. Among the natural attractions include both unusual creations of inanimate nature, as well as corners of natural nature and wildlife preserved by humans near an ultramodern city. The first is the island of Kusu – this is a sacred place for Muslims and Taoists. The latter have a legend: the island was once a giant sea turtle that turned into a rock in order to save the wrecked sailors. Fans of Confucius annually in the ninth lunar month make a pilgrimage to the Tua Pekong temple, located in the center of the island’s small lagoon. The Bukit Timah Nature Reserve (81 ha) is located in the city of Singapore, in its western part, near the center. Only in Rio de Janeiro is there a similar corner of the primary rainforest. The reserve contains surprisingly many species of plants, tropical birds nest here and huge butterflies fly. In its center is Bukit Hill (162 m) – the highest point of the island. Sungei Bulokh Natural Park (87 ha), located in the northern part of Kusu, is the largest marsh reserve – a resting place for migratory birds during their migration from East Asia. There are several more parks in Singapore. The Chinese garden with pagodas and the Japanese rock garden are located in the west, near the largest in Asia cultural and historical park “Tang Dynasty City” (reconstruction of Chan-ani, the Chinese capital of the 7th century). Fort Canning Park (the ancient Malay kings lived here and built his bungalow, Sir Charles Ruffles, the founder of Singapore) – in the city center, Marina South Park – in the southern part of the city, above the sea. In the north, near the Seletar reservoir, surrounded by picturesque “jungle”, are the Singapore Zoo, with 2,000 animals housed in landscape pens; “Night Safari” attraction, where animals of more than a hundred rare species are demonstrated, the largest Mandai orchid garden is an amazing multi-color spectacle. In the west, not far from the Tang Dynasty City, there is the Jurong Bird Park, the largest in Southeast Asia, with more than six hundred species of tropical birds. Near Jurong – “crocodile paradise”, where 2500 crocodiles bask in the sun. In the southern part (near the city center) is the botanical garden of Singapore, where there are many rare plant species. It was founded in the last century by a botanist who was engaged in the introduction of rubber hevea on plantations of British (then still) Malaysia. The wealth of natural and ennobled nature can also be seen on the resort islands of Sentose, Pulau Ubin.