ATTRACTIONS Among the most visited: the well-preserved city of columns – Jerash (in the city of 2 amphitheaters (North and South), 17 churches, several well-preserved ancient cobbled streets framed by columns made in various styles), as well as other cities of Roman Decapolis (Decapolis ); fortresses of the crusaders and Mamluks; palaces of the Umayyad caliphs; a huge number of places, one way or another connected with the Old and New Testaments (tourists usually only see the Moses memorial on Mount Sky, standing on which, according to legend, the prophet saw the earth for the first and last time, to which God led him 40 long years and which, according to the same legend, found his last refuge). Jordan is the true place of the baptism of Jesus on the Jordan River and Makavir is the place where the head of John the Baptist was cut off; sulfuric and mineral springs, in which the king of Judea Herod the Great once lived his body and a cave in which Lot and his daughters hid after the fall of Sodom and Gamorra; these are olive groves, pines and palm trees; these are mountains similar to the Sinai and unlike anything Wadi Rum, in which a film was shot about Lawrence of Arabia. Jordan is an opportunity to visit Petra, carved in the body of a Nubian sandstone, the creation of the Nabataeans, which the Russian press invariably calls the “ninth wonder of the world.” Petra is Jordan’s most visited and interesting historical landmark and is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. It is located 260 km south of Amman, and an admission here costs $ 30. The city, or rather, what remains of it (palaces, residential buildings, steep stairs, public buildings, paved streets) makes an indelible impression. “Truly unique is this extraordinary miracle, the red-pink city is younger than only time itself,” was the English poet and traveler Dean Burgon described to Peter. The ancient capital was also mentioned by Strabo in his famous “Geography” and Pliny in “Natural History”. There are more than 800 different objects, the vast majority of which are entirely carved into the rock. The first settlements appeared here 4,000 years ago. Today it is to Petra that the vast majority of tourists seek. Some in transit to the Gulf states are planning a special stop in Jordan to see this mysterious and enchanting place. Bible places. Five of them are recognized by the Vatican as great shrines. Madaba (Biblical Medeba) is located 30 km south of Amman. In the city center, the remains of the road and city structures are still preserved. Located here is the Greek Christian Church of St. George in Madaba is famous for the map of the Middle East embedded in its floor, created during the reign of Emperor Justinian. The map displays cities, rivers, the Dead and the Mediterranean. The city is often called the “city of mosaics” – there really are many … You can see the famous archaeological park of Madaba with its ruins of churches, villas and streets. One of the most visited is the Moses Memorial on Mount Sky – here, according to legend, the prophet Moses was buried. From here, from the top of a high hill from which the Dead Sea is visible, the valley of the Jordan and Jericho rivers, he saw the lands to which his people had led for 40 years. One of the important attractions of the country is the Dead Sea. Some tourists come here specially for restoring rest and treatment of various diseases, while others stop here while traveling around the country for one bath in healing oily waters. “Desert Castles” – the so-called remnants of castles, fortresses, watch towers, caravanserais and fortified palaces. The main place among them is occupied by the crusader castles and Umayyad palaces. They can be visited following in Aqaba or in the eastern regions of the country. In Karak and Shobak there are 2 medieval castles built by the crusaders in the XII century. Two other castles – Habisa and Vueira – are in Petra. By the XII century. The Ajlun fortress also served as a base for Salah-Eddin (Saladdin) during the campaign to expel the crusaders from Jordan and Palestine. Qasr (the “palace” in Arabic) Amra with its frescoes, the mysterious Qasr of Haraan, Qasr Khallyabat, the Azraq castle from black basalt and other amazing constructions.