The true monuments of antiquity in Mexico are the pyramids. There are many of them in the country, but only a few are available for viewing. Many pyramids are buried under the cultural layer and covered with dense tropical vegetation, so that they are simply green hills. Most of the pyramids are multi-layered structures: the oldest is inside, and above it there are several later superstructures and facings.
The most famous and probably the most ancient are the pyramids of Teotihuacan, not far from Mexico City. Teotihuacan (translated as “a place where people communicate with the gods”) is the oldest and most mysterious of all the open cities of pre-classical America.
In the days of Ancient Rome, it totaled 200 thousand inhabitants. By the end of the first millennium AD, the city was empty, its temples and houses were destroyed. The two largest pyramids have been preserved – the pyramid of the Sun and the pyramid of the Moon, as well as the temple of the most popular of the Mexican gods – Quetzalcoatl, personifying a good and bright beginning. Another impressive group of pyramids – the Mitle and Monte Albana pyramids – is located near the city of Oaxaca. Treasures discovered already in the 20th century in a burial under N7 are one of the richest archaeological finds in the world. Some of these treasures – Aztec gold jewelry depicting the god of death, the sun, a ball game and others, are on display at the Oaxaca Museum.
The largest pyramid in terms of volume of all known on earth is in the city of Cholula, 100 km from the Mexican capital. Today, this pyramid is a hill overgrown with forest, on top of which a Catholic church rises. Thus, the Spaniards indicated their superiority over the ancient Native American civilization.
Numerous pyramid temples and sacred wells into which the Indians threw gold jewelry exist on the plains of the Yucatan Peninsula, where the Mayan civilization developed. On Yucatan there are ruins of several ancient city-states. Among them are the pyramids in Palenque and the ancient observatory in Chichen Itza.
The main historical centers and attractions of Mexico:
Mexico City – National Historical and Anthropological Museums, Museums of Modern Art and Natural History, Siqueiros Polyforum, Aztec Stadium.
Villa Hermosa – Tobasco and La Venta museums, the 16th century National Cathedral, the area of three cultures, the zoo, the Chapultepec castle, the Basilica of the Virgin of Guadalupe.
Guadalajara – frescoed cathedral by E. Murillo, governor’s palace.
Merida – a collection of exhibits of the Mayan era, the ruins of the Mayan city, the cathedral of the XVI century.
Acapulco – hotels and casinos.
Monterrey – Plaza Zaragoza Plaza, the Cathedral of 1600, the Bishop’s Palace of the 18th century.
Teotihukama – the ancient city of the Aztecs with the pyramids of the Sun and Moon, 34 km from the capital
Shkaret is a district that was once the most important ceremonial center of the Mayan tribes. Today it is a beautiful archaeological park, you can relax, swimming with dolphins, watch the huge sea turtles, sharks, crocodiles.
Tulum and Chel-ha are the first Mayan settlements discovered in the XXVI century by the Spanish conquerors. The park is located on the Caribbean coast, among the crystal clear waters and natural pools. Chel-ha is a place where you can go scuba diving, watching the life of marine life.
Chichen Itza is a place formerly called the capital of the Mayan Empire. The sights of Chichen Itza constitute a cultural heritage of world significance.
Cozumel Island is the largest island among coral reefs, washed by the Caribbean Sea. The island is one of the most important points through which cruisers and ships of different countries of the world pass. Good conditions for diving.
Island of Women (Isla Mujeres) – the island is known since pirate times. It is a 45-minute drive from Cancun Seaport. Moving takes place on two boats, on board which there is a free bar and a buffet. The island has a Garrofon National Park. Swimming is possible with equipment, which is rented for a fee.