Sights of Norway
SIGHTSEEING The main treasure of Norway is its nature. Thousands of secluded bays and picturesque fjords encircle its coast, and low mountains, covered with forests and meadows, create a unique flavor of this country. Thousands of clean lakes and rivers provide a unique opportunity to enjoy fishing and water sports, and carefully protected nature allows you to get acquainted with one of the most untouched places in Europe. Fjords are the main attraction of the country. The entire coastline of the country is indented by these narrow and deep bays, sung in ancient Scandinavian sagas. The most popular among tourists are Yairangerfjord, Lucefjord, Sognefjord, Hardangerfjord, Stavangerfjord, Skjoldenfjord, Glomfjord, Geirangerfjord and others, many of which are framed by waterfalls overtaking rocks and small colorful fishing villages. Sea tours of the fjords are the most fascinating journey that can only be found in this country. Oslo (the “field of God”) is the industrial, commercial and port center of Norway, but at the same time one of the smallest (with a population of about 500 thousand people) and environmentally friendly European capitals. Located on the shore of a huge fjord of the same name, formed by the three “sleeves” of an ancient glacial valley, the city is picturesque by itself. The city center is a pleasant “mix” of old and new architecture with an abundance of museums, parks and monuments. The old Hanseatic city of Bergen is one of the most picturesque places in the country and far surpasses the capital in the number of attractions. The city was famed for the famous Hanseatic embankment of Bruggen (listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site), Bergenhus Castle (1261), Rosencrantz Tower (1546), the old Fish Market on Torget (open since the 13th century), the Aquarium is one of the best in Europe, Mariakirken (St. Mary’s Church, 12th century), Bergen Museum of Art with an excellent collection of paintings by Munch, Miro and Picasso, Edward Grieg’s estate – Trollhaugen (“Troll Hill”) on the picturesque shore of the lake, funicular “Phloybanen” and hundreds of “gingerbread houses” under the tiled roofs that make up the the new beauty of the city. From Bergen, most sightseeing trips around the Troll Country begin, to Norway’s longest and deepest fjord – Sognefjord, to the most beautiful Hardangerfjord, to the Jostedalsbren ice massif, to Dupswati lake, to waterfalls in the Geirangerfjord area and the Trollveggen railroad, (20 tunnels per 46 km.), As well as to the picturesque rocky peaks near Odda, Svelgen and Andalsnes. Northern Norway is a country of white nights and magnificent landscapes. Thanks to the warm currents, the climate here is not as cold as one would expect from such northern latitudes, therefore the flora and fauna of these places are simply unique. The northernmost region, Finnmark, is a country of fishermen and miners, as well as the main Sami area. The main attractions here are the northernmost point of Europe – Cape Nordkapp and the Nordkapphall tourist center, the Sami National Research Center in Kautokeino, the Evre Anaryokka National Park, the King Oscar Chapels and St. George in Kirkenes and the magnificent salmon rivers Alta and Tan. Particularly popular here are tours on the ship “Khurtiruggen” from Bergen to the North Cape, with numerous stops along the road – in the idyllic towns of Floro and Moldo, known for its unified building in the “art nouveau style” of Alesund, in the thousand-year-old Trondheim and in a dozen of picturesque places. The Svalbard archipelago (Svalbard) deserves special attention – about half of its territory is devoted to nature reserves, where unique polar species of animals are found and the largest bird markets in the world are located. Troms is a country of islands. The capital of the region, the city of Tromsø (the correct pronunciation is “Tromsø” with an emphasis on “y”), is one of the world’s leading centers for environmental research – it has the northernmost university in the world, as well as interesting cultural objects such as the Hologaland Theater, Iskhavskatedralen (“Arctic Cathedral”) made of glass and metal, the Polaria Museum, a lift to Mount Floya, etc. The city has many entertainment venues and fish restaurants, small theaters and cafes, and an abundance of small settlements along the banks of the surrounding fjords Reed it special charm. The narrow strip of Nurland, sandwiched between the Swedish border and the coast of the Norwegian Sea, is the land of the Arctic Circle. Thousands of tourists visit the monument marking this line at the Saltfjell Center for the Arctic Circle. Also interesting are the Tromsø Military Museum in Barda, unique cave paintings of 2500-4500 years old in Blasfjord, chalk caves in Rana, waterfalls in the Reisadalen district, the cathedral in the capital of Nordland – Bodø, the majestic Westfjord, Annfjord, Vogsfjord and Glomfjord cave, stalactite The Grönli Grot Falls, the church and the Meridian Stone in Hammerfest, as well as thousands of beautiful islands and almost untouched areas.