SIGHTSEEING Sydney, rightfully recognized as one of the most beautiful cities in the world, is the most cosmopolitan, most cheerful and most beautiful city in the country. The city was founded in 1788 on the shores of Port Jackson Bay (the first European settlement in Australia), and in just over 200 years it has transformed from a small convict settlement to a huge (4 times more than Moscow with a population of only 4 million people) ultramodern a city that carefully preserves the monuments of its short history. The contrast of City skyscrapers and old buildings of the Rocks and King Cross districts, souvenir shops in the Yorks and Elizabeth districts, and the Asian neighborhoods of Chinatown and Liverpool Street, the vast green spaces of parks and boulevards, and the ultramodern buildings of the Olympic buildings Kronos Hill, Sidney Superd and The Olympic Stadium in the Homebush area, the majestic (and one of the largest in the world) Sidney Harbor Bay and the unique single-span Harbor Bridge that spans over it, is 503 meters long. During lunch on the Sydney Tower on Market Street, at an altitude of 305 m., You can not only get acquainted with the layout of the city, but also try many Australian and Asian dishes, exotic seafood, kangaroo meat and emu. Oxford Street has many bars and restaurants, Darling Harbor has hundreds of galleries, bars, hotels and restaurants, and George Street and Market Street have the best outlets in the city. Here you can sunbathe right in the city on the luxurious beaches of Bondi (the most famous beach in the country, its golden sand stretches for a kilometer in length) and Manly, visit one of the largest Sydney Aquarium in the world in Darling Harbor or the Torong Zoo, in which 1916, for the first time in the world, they began to keep animals in natural conditions – in open-air cages, as well as the famous Opera – the symbol of Sydney or the observation deck “Madame McGuire’s Chair” cut down in the rock by the first governor of the city. You can spend the whole day in the huge shopping complex “Queen Victoria’s House” or in the chic Royal Botanical Garden, which contains an extensive collection of plants from around the world. The city has a large number of interesting cultural objects – the famous Sydney Museum of History and Anthropology of Australia, the War Memorial Art Gallery, the National Maritime Museum (a really interesting place – everything is collected here about the sea and boats – from Aboriginal boats to battleships and surfboards), Art New South Wales Gallery, Museum of Applied Art and Science, one of the most “bold” museums in the world – Museum of Modern Art, Nicholson Antiquity Museum, Wildlife Park Australia and Hyde -A park. Be sure to visit the embankment in the Vulumulu region and the opal factory, where you can not only learn all about these amazing stones, but also see the whole process of turning a nondescript rock into precious jewelry (Australia produces up to 90% of the global volume of opals). There you can buy a variety of jewelry made of black opals, pearls or colored diamonds. In the vicinity of Perth, it is interesting to see the world’s largest discovered gold and nickel deposits in the Kalgoorli region, as well as the mines of the world’s largest diamondiferous region, Kimberley. This is an area of large rivers and magnificent scenery, bizarre nature and relic plants and animals. They say that the most characteristic Australian landscapes – red earth, rocks, trees and blue skies, are found here. Darwin – a small but modern city, the center of the northern provinces and the main “gate” of the country to Southeast Asia, is located closer to Jakarta than to Sydney. In this city in a short time you can get so many impressions and get acquainted with such beauties of the wild nature that can hardly be found elsewhere. In Kakadu Park (included in the UNESCO World Heritage List) on the territory of unique natural landscapes there is a wonderful collection of wild animals, flora and birds of the mainland, in the Wildlife Park of the Northern Territories (“Territory Wildlife Park”), along with other representatives of the Australian fauna, You can get acquainted with the legendary Australian giant fish Barramandi. In the vicinity of Darwin are the beautiful Lichfield Parks and Katerina Gorge. But Australia’s main attraction is the Great Barrier Reef stretching along its entire east coast, included in the UN World Heritage List, with its world-famous coral reefs and resort islands of Lizard, Bedarra, Hyman, Hamilton, etc. This is the largest reef the system in the world and the largest structure “created” by the living organisms of the planet. In the north, the reef is virtually continuous and located only 50 km away. from the coast, in the south it breaks up into groups of individual reefs, in some places retreating from the coast by 300 km. Hundreds and hundreds of islands protrude from the depths of the sea to the surface, and only two dozen of them are inhabited. The Great Barrier Reef is the “underwater Mecca” of all scuba divers in the world.