Sights of Vietnam
Hanoi is an ancient city, a political, economic and cultural center of the state. The city began its rapid development in the XI century. When around the citadel of Thang Long (“Descending Dragon Citadel”), where the emperor Lee Kong Wan moved his capital. Today it is one of the most interesting cities in Southeast Asia – wide European-style avenues and skyscrapers, many lakes, parks and fountains, interspersed with hundreds of colonial mansions and pagodas. It stretches for almost 15 km. along the Red River (Song Hong), the city is divided into seven central areas (“kwan”), surrounded by marginal areas (“hewan”), most of which appeared after the 70s. X century The charming Old Quarter or 36 Fo Phong (36 Streets) these days is a mishmash of narrow streets, turned into a huge shopping area.
The capital itself is literally full of historical sights – interesting are the Chua Mot Kot pagoda (“pagoda on a pillar”, 1049), Bach Ma temple (“White Horse Temple”, IX c.), Kot Ko tower (“Flag”, 1812 .), the capital’s largest lake is Ho Tai (West), on the banks of which there are many buildings of the emperor’s era, a dam on Chiang Quang Khai Street (1100), Hoan Kiem Lake (“Lake of the Returned Sword”) with the Ngon Pagoda The Dream (“Temple of the Jade Mountain”), the Tap Ryu Tower (“Turtle Tower”) on the tiny islands and the Hook Bridge (“Temple of the Rising Sun”), the tomb of Kin Thien ( part of the imperial “Forbidden City”, XI century), the remnants of the ancient defensive system of the capital – Kuan Thanh and Kuanchangong gate (XVII century), a complex of monuments An Zyong Vuong on the site of the ancient capital of the same name (metropolitan area Dong An), Chan Quoc Pagoda (the oldest religious building in the capital, VI century), St. Joseph’s Cathedral (1886), Kwan Su Pagoda (Ambassadors, XVII century), as well as numerous bridges and bridges, the most famous of which are the Long Bien pedestrian bridge ( the oldest in the capital – 1902, length 1682 m.), Chong Duong and Thang Long.
Only 160 km. from Hanoi lies the famous Halong Bay (“the place where the dragon descended into the sea”) – perhaps the country’s main and most beautiful landmark (listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site). This is an amazing complex of 3,000 tiny rocky islands that are picturesquely scattered across the sea on an area of more than 1,500 square meters. km, surrounded by tiny beaches and riddled with bizarre caves and grottoes (Hang Dou Go – “Grotto of Stone Pillars”, Hang Trong – “Drum”, Tien Kung, Bonau, Hanghan cave, etc.).
The most picturesque are the islands of Katba (National Park), Truong Sa, Hoang Sa, Zeu (Reu), Tuanchau (here is the former summer residence of Ho Chi Minh, on the basis of which a luxurious tourist complex is being built), “Dragon”, “Boat”, “Sail “, Ngokwung and Rock Yeng Tu. Wandong is also interesting – the oldest trading port of Southeast Asia, as well as numerous historical sites scattered throughout the bay.
You can get to the islands only by boats or boats that go here from the ports of Halong and Baichau (the western part of the city of Halong).
Hue is the capital of the last emperors of the Nguyen dynasty (1802-1945), one of the cultural, religious and educational centers of Vietnam, the third largest city in South Vietnam, as well as one of the most interesting cities in the country. The imperial palaces, the walls of the Citadel (“Kin Thanh”, 1804-1821) with the fort of Mangka (still used as a military base) and many gates, the palace of Tai Hoa (“Palace of Higher Harmony”), “Nine” have been preserved and restored here. Holy Guns “, the forbidden Purple City (” Dai Noi “or” Tu Kam Thanh “, almost destroyed during the assault of the city by American troops in 1968), the Thien Mu Pagoda (Linmu, 1601) with the Thap Phuok Zuen Tower (1844 g.) and the famous bell Dai Hong Chung (1710, weight over 2 tons), the Museum of Emperors (“Bao Tang Ku Wat”, 1845) with a small Military Museum m, the palace of Tai Hoa (1805), the pagodas You Dam and You Hugh, Changtien bridge and the Cathedral of the Savior (1937-1942).
Special attention should be paid to the famous “Graves of Emperors” with the tombs of You Dyk (1864-1867), Kien Fuca, Min Manga (1841-1843), La Ji Long (1814), Dong Han ( 1888-1923), Hai Dinh (1920-1931), Tew Three and others (located outside Hue), Joaquim Temple (6 km south of Hue), the famous Dongba market (the country’s best traditional conical head garments) and many other architectural structures and historical monuments, thanks to which Hue is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
South of Hue lies the Hoi An Museum Museum – one of the centers of the Great Silk Road, the capital of the ancient state of Champa (II-X centuries) and one of the largest ports of its time. The Chinese and Japanese quarters are interesting here, the intricacies of narrow streets, many temples (including the famous Kuan Kong), the Kaodai pagoda, Phyoklam (XVII century) and Chuk Thanh (1454), the Nya Tho Tok Chuong and Tok Chan chapels, numerous “Assembly Halls” of the Chinese communities, the famous covered Japanese bridge.