Sightseeings of Germany
Germany attracts tourists with the picturesque Rhine Valley with many medieval castles and monasteries, the ancient culture of Bavaria, the picturesque Black Forest, the calm Baltic coast and many historical monuments. The south of the country is famous for its clean lakes and mountain resorts of the foothills of the Alps, as well as its winemaking, the main centers of which are also located in the southern regions along the river valleys.
The hallmark of Berlin is the majestic Brandenburg Gate (1788-1791) with the Checkpoint Charlie – one of the symbols of the Cold War (now turned into a museum), on the western wall of which there is a section of the infamous Berlin Wall, dividing the city during the “great confrontation”. The length of the wall was about 155 km. (43.1 km. Accounted directly to the city), and the height reached 4.1 m. Equipped with 293 watchtowers, 57 bunkers and long-range firing points, braided by many hundreds of kilometers of barbed wire and bounded by a 100-meter exclusion zone, this wall turned into a symbol of the division of Germany and was literally swept away by the demonstrators during the unification of the country, and its wreckage turned into souvenirs.
St. Hedwig Cathedral (1747-1773), the Arsenal building (1695-1706), St. Nicholas Cathedral in the Gothic style (XIV century), the world’s largest Berlin zoo, very surviving in the fires of World War II, are very attractive Zoeyhaus building (today the German Historical Museum is located here), the Gothic church of Marienkirche, etc.
Such famous monuments of the city as the German State Opera, the Reichstag (1884-1894), Unter den Linden Street, Bellevue Castle (1785), Kaiser-Wilhelm-Kirche, Charlottenberg Castle (XVII-XVIII centuries) were almost rebuilt. ) and entire quarters of classical buildings of the XVIII-XIX centuries.
Many new buildings gave the city a unique modern look – the Berlin TV tower (365 m.), A botanical garden famous for its extensive collection, a complex of monuments to fallen Soviet soldiers – Treptow Park, Hanzafirtel, theater des Westens, city library, international congress center, Philharmonic Hall, Europa Center, Berlin Green Estrada et al. T
Also of interest are the magnificent Friedrichstadtpalas Palace, Schöneberg Town Hall, Alexanderplatz, the famous Red Town Hall, Neptune Fountain, Congress Hall, Emst Reuter Square, New Synagogue, Brighttscheidplatz Square, the gloomy building of the GDR secret police headquarters – Stoise ball “, Church of Remembrance, etc.
The city has many wonderful museums and art collections, most of which have a long history – the Museum of the Prussian Castles Foundation, the Art Gallery in Dahlem with a magnificent collection of paintings by old masters, sculptures, Indian, Oriental and Islamic art, which Frederick the Great, Egyptian began to collect Museum, Gallery named after Bode from one of the most extensive and diverse collections of European paintings of the period of the XIII-XVIII centuries., Cultureforum, the New National Gallery and Museum Island on the river. Spree with the museums of Pergamon and the Stiftung-Proischer Kulturbezits et al.
One of the most beautiful places in the vicinity of the city – Potsdam, the former from the XVII century. the residence of the Prussian kings. This magnificent baroque and classicist architectural complex is located on the Havel River and is famous for the beautiful Schloss Sansussi palaces and the mansion of William II, in which the famous Potsdam Conference was held in July 1945.
Bremen (included with Bremerhaven in the federal state of Bremen as a separate city) lies on the banks of the river. Weser and is known as one of the oldest cities in the country. The center of Bremen is the old Market Square with the Town Hall (1405-1410) and St. Peter’s Basilica (XI century), here is the building of the city parliament (1966), built to replace the old parliament, which was destroyed to the ground by Anglo-American bombing, as well as miraculously preserved medieval burgher houses and a symbol of the city – a 10-meter sculpture of Roland (1405). In front of the Town Hall (1405-1410, rebuilt in 1608-1612) stands the famous sculptural group “Bremen Town Musicians.” The most famous street in Bremen – Bötcherstrasse, has a length of only 100 meters and consists of only 7 buildings of the 17th century, which in themselves are unique architectural monuments, they include a belfry, three museums, a gallery and a theater. The sights of Bremen are also the majestic Bremen Cathedral (XI-XIII centuries) and the old Schnerviertel street.
“Free city” Hamburg lies on the banks of the river. Elba is 110 km away. from the place where it flows into the Baltic Sea. This is Germany’s largest sea and fourth largest river port, one of the best anchorage in the Baltic and the country’s largest yacht center. Probably no other city in Europe has so many covered streets and passages that start right from the city’s shopping center – Hamburg Courtyard.