The PRC is replete with historical and cultural attractions. Since 1985, China has joined the UNESCO Convention on the Preservation of World Cultural Heritage.
For tourists in China, 99 cities of great cultural and historical significance, 750 unique cultural monuments under state protection, as well as 119 landscape places are open. These are famous monasteries, including the legendary Shaolin, ginseng farms in Qinghai Province, the Great Wall of China, numerous archaeological sites in the Gobi and Takla Makan deserts, climbing bases on the eastern slopes of the Himalayas and Karakoram, the picturesque Yunnan-Guizhou Highlands, with many mountains waterfalls and deep caves. These are unique lakes Taihu and Xihu, Taishan, Huangshan, Emeishan, Dunhuang caves – the treasury of ancient Buddhist art, Yun-Gang caves, Huangoshu waterfall, karst caves and “stone forest” in Wansheng county, Ludiyan caves in Guilin. Hunts are arranged in the forests of Greater Khingan. Traveling along the ancient Silk Road, you can visit the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, where Chinese Muslims live. From Sichuan you can make a cruise on the Yangtze River (three famous canyons of Sansya), visit Mount Emei, visiting the Jiuzhaigou Nature Reserve. The region is unique in its beauty – the Lijiang River in Guilin and five “sacred mountains”.
Beijing, lying south of the Shanxi plateau, although not the most ancient city in the country, but one of the most interesting. You should definitely visit the “Forbidden City” – the largest surviving palace complex in the world of the Gugun Imperial Palace (Palace of Old Rulers, XV century), surrounded by a medieval wall and literally saturated with historical buildings (more than 9 thousand buildings). Today, museum exhibits are open in many rooms, collections of imperial treasures, collections of watches, puppets, ancient samples of non-ferrous ceramics, jade products, bronze items, funerary statues from the time of Emperor Qin Shihuang, calligraphy, paintings, carvings and other crafts are displayed.
No less interesting is one of the largest squares in the world. – Tiananmen (“Gateway of Heavenly Peace”, 880×500 m), “Front Gate” of Jiangmen and Tiananmen Gate (1651), Summer Palace (Yiheyuan, 12 km from Beijing), Beihai Imperial Parks (“North Sea”) and Iheyuan (“Tranquil Rest Park”), surrounded by two walls of the Tiantan Temple of Heaven (1420) with the famous Huiyingbi (“Wall of the Returning Sound”), the “round city” Tuancheng with the “Pavilion of the Reflected Radiance” Chengduandian and the “Wall of Nine Dragons” Tszyulongbi. Also interesting are the Yonghegong Buddhist Temple (1694-1746), the Kunmyao Confucius Temple (1306) northeast of Beihai Park, the Baiyunguan Taoist Temple, the Mao Zedong Mausoleum, the Museum of the Chinese Revolution, one of the oldest bridges in China are Lugouqiao (Marco Polo Bridge, 1189), the National Gallery, Qiang Tang Park with the tombs of 13 emperors of the Ming Dynasty and an “animal alley” (50 km north of Beijing), a complex of buildings of museums of Chinese History and History Chinese Revolution, Peace Park with copies of the most famous buildings in the world, “underground city” times Cultural Revolution and just a colossal number of temples. In the ancient city of Xi’an, there is a unique museum of terracotta figures of warriors and horses from the tomb of Emperor Qinshihuan, and near Zhoukoudian are UNESCO’s unique archaeological sites listed as a cultural heritage site – a place to discover fossil remains of the earliest forms of man.
In Suzhou, there are more than 100 well-preserved garden and park ensembles created by many generations of imperial dynasties.
Another ancient city from the UNESCO World Heritage List is small Lijiang in Yunnan. The main attraction of the city is Syfan Square, lined with multi-colored stone slabs, one of the centers of the Silk and Tea trade routes of antiquity. Hundreds of streams and streams crossing it, through which about 1000 bridges built in different eras and in different styles are given, give the city a special charm.
In Guangzhou, the main city of the Guangdong province, stretching along the coast of the South China Sea, it is worth visiting the country’s main zoo, the Guangzhou Museum, the Guantasy and Huaiseng mosques, the Zhenhai Pagoda and the Six Fig Tree Temple. The city itself is an open economic zone with extremely developed trade and the sphere of sea resorts starting to develop rapidly. Nearby Nanjing, the ancient capital of the country (until 1420), is famous for its wide boulevards and shady trees, which in a rather hot local climate (often called “one of the three stoves in China”) turns it into a kind of oasis. Numerous medieval buildings have been preserved here, including the city wall of the Ming era (33 km is the longest city wall in the world), temples and pagodas, as well as the mausoleum of the first president of the Republic of China Sun Yat-sen.