Sights of Sweden
SIGHTSEEING Stockholm lies on 14 islands on the shores of Lake Mälaren and the Norstrom Strait, and is considered one of the most beautiful capitals in the world. The first mention of Stockholm dates back to 1252, and from the 13th century the city was the permanent residence of the Swedish kings and the capital of the vast territory of Sweden at that time. The old part of the city – Gamla Stan, is entirely located on the island of Stadsholmen and is closed to vehicles. Here is the famous Royal Palace (1754) with the royal chapel and the Antique Museum of Gustav III, as well as the Palace Church, St. Nicholas Cathedral (XIII-XV centuries, the place of coronation of the Swedish monarchs), the Armory, the Royal Mint, the Treasury, Ukensherna Palace (now the Ministry of Education is here), the Tessinsky Palace (Slottsbakken) and the Stockholm Stock Exchange on the Square. There are several unique palaces located at the rear of the Reddishman (“The Royal Isle”) – The Palace of the Wrangel (now here is the Swedish aperture), The Palace of the Second Quintessentially The Riddarholme Church (XIII-XV centuries), the burial place of Swedish kings and aristocrats, and since 1807, a magnificent museum are also interesting. The Parliament Building (1905) is located on Helgindsholmen Island (the “Holy Spirit Island”) and is open to the public, and the underground museum of medieval Stockholm is located in the basement. The city center or Norrmalm is the center of shops and theaters, restaurants and offices, the center of business activity of the capital and the traditional location of embassies and state institutions. The area and the island of Yurgorden lie east of the historic center of Stockholm. In the western part of the island are the most famous tourist attractions of the capital – the Rosendal Palace (1820), an amusement park and a museum with open sky Skansen (founded in 1891), as well as the eponymous zoo, recreation park “Grena Lind” (1883). ), many museums, Kosmonov’s cinema with a screen area of 740 square meters. m., the museum of wooden architecture of the City, which has collected more than 150 buildings of various eras from all over Sweden, the Kaknestornet tower (155 meters high), and the entire southern part of the city is part of the huge, and so far the only, Eco-Park in the world. In the north, it is now part of the Myzeya of Marine History and the Politexnic Museum, as well as the famous Museum of Basa, dedicated to the national relic – the royal ship “Basa”, which sank during its first voyage in 1628 and was lifted from the sea in 1961 visit the steam icebreaker Isbritaren (one of the first in the world), the lighthouse ship Fierskeppet and the unique Milles Sculpture Museum located on man-made ledges in the rocks of Lidingo. The Uriksdal Palace (1640-1644) is located in the National City Park, in the Museum of Swedish Sculpture in the greenhouse and former royal stables. It is also worth visiting the Rosersberg Palace (1634-38) with an exposition of interiors of the 18th-19th centuries. and the Stromsholm Palace (15th century) with an exposition of Swedish art of the 17th century, a higher riding school and a hippological center. Rayon Kholsholmen (“Royal Island”) is known, first of all, for its Town Hall (1911-1923), which traditionally holds the ceremony of holding the Nobel Prizes. The tower of the town hall “Tre Krunur” with a gilded dome is the emblem of Stockholm and a magnificent viewing platform. The southern part of the city, Södermalm or just Söder, is a rather unusual place – old wooden shacks are all in the list of the cultural heritage of the capital, surrounded by a colorful mixture of beautiful houses of the 18th-19th centuries. and modern buildings, including such unusual buildings as the semicircular building “Boy” or the unusual skycraper “Söödertörn”. Not far from Wagnharad lies the summer residence of King Gustav V – the Tulgarn Palace (1720). Also nearby lies the oldest among the existing Russian Orthodox churches outside of Russia – the Transfiguration Church (XVII century). The city has over 75 museums and 100 art galleries – the National Museum, the Swedish National Portrait Gallery in Gripsholm Castle, the Royal Treasury in the cellars of the Royal Palace, the Museum of National History, the Museum of Modern Art, the Museum of Natural History, the Museum of Butterflies and Birds in Hagapark, the Museum of Science and Techniques, Maritime Museum, the Swedish Museum of the History of Economics in the Royal Coin Office building, the Royal Arsenal (the oldest museum in the country), Til Gallery, National Museum of Ethnography and the L art gallery levals “. The Swedish Graphics Center, the Jewish Museum, the Museum of Ceramics, the Biology Museum with magnificent panoramas, the Swedish Museum of Architecture, the original Almgren Silk Spinning Museum, the Toy Museum, the Bergius Botanical Garden with the exotic conservatory of Edward Anderson, the Langholmen Prison Museum, the only one in the world deserve close attention. Museum of Dance and Theater “House of Dance”, International Puppet Theater Museum.